Shamima Begum Wiki
Shamima Begum Biography
Shamima Begum will find out if she can return to the UK to appeal against the removal of her British citizenship when the High Court rules on her case.
Begum was 15 when she and two other students from East London traveled to Syria to join the so-called Islamic State (IS) group in February 2015.
Her British citizenship was revoked for national security reasons shortly after she was found nine months pregnant in a Syrian refugee camp in February 2019.
Begum, now 21, is challenging the Home Office’s decision to withdraw British citizenship from her and wants to be allowed to return to the UK to pursue her appeal.
Begum was 15 when she and two other east London schoolgirls travelled to Syria to join the so-called Islamic State group (IS) in February 2015
In July last year, the Court of Appeal ruled that “the only way you can have a fair and effective appeal is to be allowed to enter the UK to continue your appeal.”
The Home Office challenged that decision in the Supreme Court in November, arguing that allowing him to return to the UK “would create significant national security risks” and expose the public to “an increased risk of terrorism.”
The UK’s highest court will rule on whether Begum should be granted permission to enter the UK to file his appeal against the deprivation of his British citizenship.
The High Court will also decide whether, if Begum is denied permission to enter the UK, he should be allowed to appeal against the removal of his British citizenship.
At the November hearing, his lawyers said that Begum was currently in the al-Roj camp in northern Syria, where conditions are “dire”.
Her British citizenship was revoked on national security grounds shortly after she was found, nine months pregnant, in a Syrian refugee camp in February 2019
Lord Pannick QC told the court that the Syrian Democratic Forces, which control the al-Roj camp, “do not allow visits by lawyers or allow detainees to speak with lawyers.”
He said that the case against Begum was ‘no more than that she traveled to Syria and’ aligned herself with IS ‘,’ ‘and’ it is not alleged that she fought, trained or participated in terrorist activities, nor that she had any role within the EI ‘.
Lord Pannick added that if Begum could not return to the UK to make an effective appeal, “the deprivation appeal should be allowed” as “there is no other fair or just step that can be taken”.
Sir James Eadie QC, representing the Home Office, told the court: “ If you oblige the Secretary of State to facilitate the return to the UK, or if you allow substantive appeal, the effect is to create potentially very serious national security problems. . ‘
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He said of Begum: ‘she married an IS fighter, lived in Raqqa, the capital of the self-proclaimed caliphate, and stayed with them for about four years until 2019, when she left, in effect, the last pocket of the territory. of the IS. in Baghuz.
Sir James argued that the people who went to Syria to join the Islamic State pose a “real and serious” risk to national security, “whatever sympathy the person’s age may generate when she traveled.”
Begum, Kadiza Sultana and Amira Abase, then 16 and 15 years old respectively, boarded a flight from Gatwick Airport to Istanbul, Turkey, on February 17, 2015, before heading to Raqqa in Syria.
The three Bethnal Green Academy students left London shortly after Sharmeena Begum, who is not related to her, traveled to Syria in December 2014.
Begum claims that she married the Dutch convert Yago Riedijk 10 days after arriving in Islamic State territory, and according to her reports, her three friends from her school also married foreign Islamic State fighters.
She told The Times in February 2019 that she left Raqqa in January 2017 with her husband, but her children, a one-year-old girl and a three-month-old boy, had since died.
Her third child died in al-Roj camp in March 2019, shortly after her birth.
The decision of the Supreme Court will be announced at 9.45 am.