Naftali Bennett Wiki
Naftali Bennett Biography
Who is Naftali Bennett?
Naftali Bennett has become Israel’s new prime minister after the country’s parliament voted for his coalition government, ending Benjamin Netanyahu’s record of 12 years in power.
Israel’s parliament voted by a narrow 60-59 margin in favor of the new government on Sunday and shortly after, Bennett took over as prime minister.
Bennett, a former Netanyahu ally turned staunch rival, will now preside over a diverse and fragile coalition made up of eight parties with deep ideological differences.
Netanyahu sat quietly during the vote. After he was approved, he stood up to leave the chamber, before turning around and shaking Bennett’s hand.
A dejected Netanyahu, wearing a black medical mask, sat in the opposition leader’s chair.wikipedia
How old is Naftali Bennett?
March 25, 1972 (age 49 years), Haifa, Israel
People cheer as the new coalition government wins the parliamentary vote on Sunday in Jerusalem
Sunday’s vote ended a two-year cycle of political paralysis in which the country held four elections.
Minutes later, Bennett took office, followed by members of the new cabinet.
In Jerusalem, supporters of the new coalition cheered when the results of the parliamentary vote came in and waved their flags in the air.
Meanwhile, delighted revelers flocked to Rabin Square in Tel Aviv on Sunday night after hearing the results as they danced, hugged and cheered.
People celebrate in Rabin Square in Tel Aviv on Sunday night after Israel’s parliament voted on the new coalition government.
Netanyahu, who is on trial for corruption, remains the head of the largest party in parliament and is expected to strongly oppose the new government. If only one faction escapes, he could lose his majority and risk collapse, giving him a chance to return to power.
But in a sign of what is to come, Bennett was repeatedly interrupted by Netanyahi supporters who yelled ‘shame’ and ‘liar’ as he addressed parliament on Sunday. Several of those loyal to Netanyahi were escorted off-camera.
And in a scathing speech, Netanyahi promised that he would “come back soon” and fight the “dangerous” coalition.
“I will fight daily against this terrible and dangerous left government to overthrow it,” Netanyahu said at the end of his lengthy 30-minute speech in the Knesset, Israel’s Parliament. “With God’s help, it will happen much sooner than you think.”
And he added: “If it is our destiny to be in the opposition, we will do so with our heads held high until we overthrow this bad government and return to lead the country on our way.”
People celebrate in Rabin Square in Tel Aviv on Sunday night after Israel’s parliament voted in the new coalition government
In a warning to Iran, Hamas and Hezbollah that he will not be absent for long, Netanyahu declared: “We will be back soon.”
As the new prime minister, Bennett will have to maintain an unwieldy coalition of political parties from the right, left and center.
All eight parties, including a small Arab faction that is making history by joining the ruling coalition, are united in their opposition to Netanyahu and new elections, but little else agree.
They are likely to pursue a modest agenda that seeks to reduce tensions with the Palestinians and maintain good relations with the United States without launching any major initiatives.
US President Joe Biden was the first world leader to congratulate Bennett on his victory and said the United States remained committed to Israel’s security.
“I look forward to working with Prime Minister Bennett to strengthen all aspects of the close and lasting relationship between our two nations,” Biden said. “Israel has no better friend than the United States.”
“The United States remains steadfast in its support for Israel’s security,” continued Biden, who is currently in Cornwall, UK, for the G7 Summit. “My administration is fully committed to working with the new Israeli government to promote security, stability and peace for Israelis, Palestinians, and people throughout the wider region.”
The country’s deep divisions were vividly displayed when Bennett addressed parliament before the vote, as Netanyahu supporters interrupted him.
Bennett nevertheless thanked President Joe Biden and the U.S.
Bennett said the country, after four inconclusive elections in less than two years, had been thrown “into a whirlwind of hatred and infighting.”
“The time has come for different leaders, from all sectors of the population, to stop, stop this madness,” he said to the angry shouts of “liar” and “criminal” from right-wing opponents.
Bennett, a former defense minister, also voiced opposition to US efforts to reactivate Iran’s nuclear deal with world powers.
“Israel will not allow Iran to arm itself with nuclear weapons,” Bennett said, vowing to uphold Netanyahu’s confrontational policy. “Israel will not be a party to the agreement and will continue to preserve full freedom of action.”
However, Bennett thanked President Joe Biden and the United States for their decades of support for Israel.
Netanyahu, speaking after him, promised to return to power. He predicted that the incoming government would be weak towards Iran and give in to US demands to make concessions to the Palestinians.
Supporters of the new coalition watch the voting session at the Knesset in Jerusalem on Sunday.
He also accused Bennett of carrying out the ‘biggest fraud in Israel’s history’ after he formed a coalition with Yesh Atid party leader Yair Lapid, despite saying that he had ruled out a Lapid government before. of the elections.
Netanyahi said: ‘I heard what Bennett said [about standing firm against Iran], and I’m worried, because Bennett does the opposite of what he promises,’ Netanyahu said. “He will fight Iran in the same way that he will not sit with [Yesh Atid’s leader, Yair] Lapid, Labor and Ra’am.”
“The prime minister of Israel must be able to say no to the president of the United States on issues that threaten our existence,” Netanyahu said during the 30-minute speech, which exceeded the 15 minutes allotted to him.
“Who will do that now? … This government does not want and is not able to oppose the United States.”
Yohanan Plesner, president of the Israel Democracy Institute, a nonpartisan think tank, said the new government will likely be more stable than it appears.
“Although it has a very small majority, it will be very difficult to topple and replace because the opposition is not cohesive,” he said. Each part of the coalition will want to show that they can deliver, and for that they need “time and achievements.”
Still, Netanyahu “will continue to cast a shadow,” Plesner said. He hopes the incoming opposition leader will take advantage of the events and propose legislation that members of the right-wing coalition would like to support but cannot, all to shame and undermine them.
Four conflicts in the Gaza Strip
In November 2012, Netanyahu oversaw his first operation in Gaza: Operation Pillar of Defense.
The conflict began when after the rocket fire from Gaza led Israel to counterattack, killing the Hamas military chief in an airstrike and carrying out hundreds of assaults on the militants’ underground rocket launchers and weapons stores.
A truce negotiated by Egypt was finally agreed on November 21, ending the war.
A second conflict occurred in 2014, Operation Protective Edge, after Hamas allegedly abducted and killed three Israeli teenagers, prompting Israel to launch a military operation with the stated aim of ending rocket fire and destroying tunnels. used for smuggling.
The war left 2,251 dead on the Palestinian side, mostly civilians, and 74 on the Israeli side, mostly soldiers. A ceasefire was agreed on August 26 and both sides claimed victory.
Smoke from the explosions is seen over Gaza City after the Israeli attacks on November 19, 2012, during Operation Pillar of Defense.
After the conflict, Netanyahu promised “very strong action if the fire resumes,” warning Hamas not to restart the war.
He also said that he was no longer willing to resume peace talks with Abbas, and said that the Palestinian leader would first have to distance himself from the Hamas militants.
“He has to choose,” Netanyahu told Israel Channel Two in an interview at the time. “Either yes to Hamas or no to Hamas.”
Massive protests then erupted in Gaza in March 2018. Protesters demanded the right to return to homes in Israel from which Palestinians fled or were expelled after the creation of the Jewish state in 1948.
The protests sparked an increase in violence along the border where Palestinians gathered every Friday. From March 2018 to December 2019, at least 352 Palestinians were killed by Israeli fire. Eight Israelis also died in related incidents.
The protests escalated in May 2018 after the new US embassy in Jerusalem was opened following Donald Trump’s announcement that he would move from Tel Aviv.
On May 10, 2021, Netanyahu’s fourth prime ministerial conflict broke out after days of unrest in East Jerusalem.
Hamas issued Israel an ultimatum to withdraw soldiers from the Temple Mount complex in Jerusalem on May 10. When the ultimatum expired with no response, Hamas fired several rockets at Israel, prompting an air offensive by the IDF.
At least 256 Palestinians, including 66 children, and 13 Israelis died during the 11 days of conflict.
Netanyahu later claimed victory in the conflict, saying that Israel’s bombing campaign had killed “more than 200 terrorists” in Gaza.
He promised a “very powerful” reaction if Hamas broke the truce that ended 11 days of bloodshed. He said: “If Hamas breaks the calm and attacks Israel, our response will be very powerful.”
Political turmoil with four elections in two years
The head of the right-wing Likud party became prime minister for the second time in March 2009, after a first term between 1996 and 1999.
He formed a coalition firmly anchored on the right, with the ultra-nationalist Avigdor Lieberman as foreign minister.
A quick poll in January 2013 returned him to the post of prime minister, this time in a coalition with hardliners eager to build settlements on Palestinian land confiscated during the 1967 Six Day War.
He returned to government again after winning a vote of confidence in parliament in May 2015.
Two years later, Netanyahu oversaw the construction of the first government-sanctioned settlement in the occupied Palestinian territories since 1991, defying international opinion.
In a general election in April 2019, Netanyahu’s Likud party won 35 of 120 parliamentary seats in a general election, the same number as centrist challenger Benny Gantz.
Netanyahu was tasked with forming a government but was unable to secure a majority and instead decided to call another election in September, which yielded the same results.
Neither managed to form a coalition, leading the country to a third vote, the third election in less than a year.
Charged with charges of corruption, bribery, fraud and breach of trust
On November 21, 2019, Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit indicted Netanyahu on charges of corruption, bribery, fraud, and breach of trust in three separate cases.
The three key cases presented against ‘Bibi’
Case 1000: Fraud and breach of trust
Opened in 2016 and includes valuable gifts and gifts, such as cigars and champagne funds, allegedly received by Netanyahu and his wife from various wealthy acquaintances in exchange for favors.
Case 2000: Fraud and breach of trust
It refers to recorded conversations between Netanyahu and Arnon Mozes, president and editor of Yedioth Ahronoth, one of the largest newspapers in circulation in Israel.
The talks are said to have discussed legislation that could harm a major competitor of the newspaper, Israel Hayom, despite being viewed as pro-Netanyahu. In return, Netanyahu is said to have received positive coverage.
Case 4000: Bribery, fraud and breach of trust
Alleges Netanyahu promoted regulatory decisions favorable to the majority shareholder of telecoms giant Bezeq, Shaul Elovitch, in exchange for positive coverage on his Walla news site.
“It is an attempted coup based on fabrications and a corrupt and biased investigation process,” Netanyahu said during a televised speech after the indictment was announced.
“I will continue to lead the country, in accordance with the letter of the law, with responsibility, devotion and concern for our future,” he said, standing on a podium against the backdrop of four Israeli flags at his official residence.
Netanyahu added that the accusation was based on “false accusations” and a “tainted investigation” consistently.
It is the first time that a sitting Israeli prime minister has been charged with a crime.
The first case involves him allegedly receiving gifts worth hundreds of thousands of dollars from wealthy friends, including Hollywood film producer Arnon Milchan and Australian billionaire James Packer.
In the second case, he is accused of trying to orchestrate positive coverage in a major Israeli newspaper in exchange for stopping the distribution of a free pro-Netanyahu tabloid.
The third, dubbed Case 4000, which will be the focus of first witness testimony on Monday, alleges that he backed legislation worth hundreds of millions of dollars for the owner of Israeli telecommunications giant Bezeq in exchange for positive coverage on his Walla news site.
He was indicted for the alleged crimes in January 2020 after he withdrew his appeal for immunity, which was widely expected to be rejected by the Knesset.
Netanyahu has maintained his innocence and denied wrongdoing in all three corruption cases, saying that he is the victim of a political witch hunt.
Netanyahu appeared in court for the first evidentiary hearing of his trial on corruption, fraud, bribery and breach of trust charges on April 21.
Israeli law does not require prime ministers to resign while they are indicted, and Netanyahu has refused to do so.
His trial, in which he pleaded not guilty, began last year and is expected to last up to two years.
Naftali Bennett Quicks and Facts
Israel’s parliament voted 60-59 in favour of the new coalition government
Naftali Bennett will not head the new cabinet as Israel’s new Prime Minister
Ahead of the vote, a parliamentary debate became heated as Benjamin Netanyahu vowed to ‘topple’ the new coalition, which is led by Naftali Bennett