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Who is Irmgard Furchner?(Pictured: 96-year-old Nazi ‘secretary of evil’ who went on the run ahead of her trial in Germany for her role in mass murders carried ) Wiki, Bio, Age,Family,Facebook,Crime, Instagram, Twitter & Quick Facts

Irmgard Furchner

Irmgard Furchner Wiki

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Who is Irmgard Furchner ?

Irmgard Furchner, who has been dubbed the ‘secretary of evil’, was due to stand trial yesterday in Itzehoe Regional Court on charges of assisting in the deaths of 11,412 prisoners at the Stutthof death camp between 1943 and 1945.

This is the 96-year-old death camp secretary who was caught after fleeing Germany before her trial for aiding and inciting a mass murder for the Nazis.wikipedia

She was only 18 when she began working at the Stutthof camp on the Baltic coast in Nazi-occupied Poland, and she is the first woman to be tried in decades for crimes related to the Third Reich.

Irmgard Furchner  was supposed to appear before the Juvenile Chamber of the Itzehoe Regional Court on Thursday

But Judge Dominik Gross was forced to suspend the case at 10:10 a.m. M. And launch a search for the nonagenarian after she failed to appear.

The court heard that she was last seen leaving her nursing home in a taxi before 7:30 a.m. and heading towards a local train station.

At 1.50 pm, police tracked Furchner to a street in north Hamburg, approximately five miles from where she was last seen. She is believed to have taken a train into town, before setting off on foot.

She is now being held at a police station near where she was found and is being questioned by officers, Bild reported.

The court will now decide whether to take her into custody, while Furchner’s original hearing on the murder charges was suspended until October 19.

Shortly after her disappearance, it emerged that she had written a handwritten letter to the court on September 8 saying that she would not attend her trial while she asked to be tried in absentia, something that is not allowed under German law. .

She wrote: ‘Due to my age and physical limitations, I will not attend court dates and will ask the defense attorney to represent me.

“I would like to spare myself these embarrassments and not become the mockery of humanity.”

However, it seems that no one believed that she would actually try to flee the trial.

Christoph Heubner, vice president of the Auschwitz International Committee, said the escape attempt showed “contempt for the survivors and also for the rule of law.”

He also highlighted possible shortcomings in the justice system, he said. ‘Even if the woman is very old, couldn’t precautions (to prevent her from running away) could have been taken? Where she went? Who helped her? he told AFP.

Thomas Walther, a deputy prosecutor at the trial, accused the court of failing to fulfill its duty to ensure that Furchner was tried.

Speaking to the German newspaper Tagesspiegel about Furcher’s letter, he said: ‘The court did not react in any way. You just waited.

Efraim Zuroff, an American-Israeli “Nazi hunter” who has played a key role in bringing former Nazi war criminals to trial, said Furchner must now stand trial.

“Healthy enough to run away, healthy enough to go to jail!” He tweeted.

Prosecutors accuse Furchner of having assisted in the systematic murder of detainees at Stutthof, where she worked in the office of the camp commander, Paul Werner Hoppe, between June 1943 and April 1945.

According to Christoph Rueckel, an attorney representing Holocaust survivors, Furchner “handled all correspondence” from the commander.

“She typed the deportation and execution commands” as dictated by her and put her initials on each message herself, Rueckel told public broadcaster NDR.

The trial is taking place in juvenile court because she was between 18 and 19 years old at the time.

Irmgard Furchner, the ‘Secretary of Evil’,  faces charges of assisting in the murder of 11,000 prisoners at Stutthof concentration camp

Stutthof, which was located near the Polish city of Gdansk, was the first death camp to be built outside of Germany and was built in 1939.

During the six years it was in operation, until it was liberated by the Allies in May 1945, it is believed that some 110,000 people were sent there, of whom up to 65,000 died.

Originally built to house Polish intellectuals and intelligence officers, the camp was later expanded to include a significant number of Jews, many of whom were transferred there from Auschwitz or camps in the Baltic, and Soviet prisoners.

The camp had gas chambers where many of the inmates were executed, but tens of thousands also died due to starvation, disease epidemics, overwork and forced “death marches.” Of those who died, about 28,000 were Jews.

Furchner was first questioned by police about her involvement in the camp in February 2017, when officers also searched her apartment.

It took four years and eight months to bring the case to trial, which included a medical evaluation to decide if Furcher was fit to appear.

In February this year, a doctor ruled that the 96-year-old was fit enough and her hearing was scheduled.

The scheduled opening of the trial came a day before the 75th anniversary of the death sentence by hanging of 12 senior members of the Nazi establishment at the first Nuremberg trial.

Speaking about Furcher’s escape offer this morning, Frederike Milhoffer said: ‘I have received information that sometime before 7:30 a.m. this morning, the defendant took a taxi to the metro station in Norderstedt.

“She Therefore, she is officially missing and an arrest warrant has been issued.”

Speaking to MailOnline, lawyer Rajmund Niwinski, who represents seven plaintiffs, said: ‘You have to keep in mind that things like this happen from time to time.

Investigation

Furcher said he was aware that executions were taking place in the field, but believed they were punishments for specific crimes, rather than genocidal mass killings.

His boss, SS officer Paul Werner Hoppe, was convicted of his role in the camp and sentenced to nine years in prison by a West German court in 1957. He died in 1974.

As evidence during that investigation, given nearly 70 years ago, Furcher acknowledged working for Hoppe but said he knew nothing about the gas chambers.

The state court of Itzehoe, in northern Germany, said in a statement that the suspect allegedly ‘aided and instigated those responsible for the camp in the systematic murder of those imprisoned there between June 1943 and April 1945 in her role as stenographer. and typist in the field commander’s office.

Despite her advanced age, she had to be tried in juvenile court because she was under 21 at the time of the alleged crimes.

The case against Furchner will build on the German legal precedent established in cases over the past decade that anyone who helped run Nazi concentration camps and concentration camps can be prosecuted as an accessory to the murders committed there, even without evidence. participation in a specific crime.

A lawyer for the defendant told Der Spiegel magazine that the trial would focus on whether the 96-year-old had knowledge of the atrocities that occurred in the camp.

‘My client worked among SS men who had experience in violence; However, does that mean that he shared his state of awareness? That’s not necessarily obvious, ”Wolf Molkentin said.

According to other media reports, the defendant was questioned as a witness during previous Nazi trials and she said at the time that Stutthof’s former SS commander Paul Werner Hoppe dictated daily letters and radio messages to her.

Still, Furchner stated that she was unaware of the murders that occurred at the camp while she was working there, the German news agency dpa reported.

Initially a collection point for Jews and non-Jewish Poles removed from Danzig, now the Polish city of Gdansk, from around 1940, Stutthof was used as a so-called ‘labor education camp’ where forced laborers, mainly Polish citizens and Soviets. to serve sentences and often died.

Since mid-1944, tens of thousands of Jews from ghettos in the Baltic countries and from Auschwitz filled the camp, along with thousands of Polish civilians dragged down by the brutal Nazi repression of the Warsaw uprising.

Others incarcerated there included political prisoners, accused criminals, persons suspected of homosexual activity, and Jehovah’s Witnesses.

More than 60,000 people there died from lethal injections of gasoline or phenol directly into the heart, or from being shot or starving. Others were forced out in winter without clothes until they died from exposure or were executed in a gas chamber.

Furchner is the only woman to have been tried in recent years for crimes dating back to the Nazi era, as the role of women in the Third Reich has long been overlooked.

But since John Demjanjuk, a concentration camp guard, was convicted of serving as part of the Nazi killing machine in 2011, prosecutors have expanded the scope of their investigations beyond those directly responsible for the atrocities.

According to Christoph Rueckel, a lawyer representing Shoah survivors who are parties to the case, Furchner “handled all correspondence” for the Camp Hoppe commander.

“She typed the deportation and execution commands” as dictated by her and put her initials on each message herself, Rueckel told public broadcaster NDR.

However, Furchner’s lawyer told the German weekly Spiegel before the trial that it was possible that the secretary had been “excluded” from what was happening in Stutthof.

At least three other women have been investigated for their role in the Nazi camps, including another secretary at Stutthof, who died last year before charges could be brought.

The prosecutor’s office in Neuruppin is currently investigating the case of a female employee at the Ravensbrueck camp, according to officials from the Head Office in Ludwigsburg.

Among the women held accountable for her actions during the Nazi era is Maria Mandl, a guard from the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, who was hanged in 1948 after being sentenced to death in Krakow, Poland.

Between 1946 and 1948, in Hamburg, 21 women were tried before a British military court for their role in the Ravensbrueck women’s concentration camp.

Former Auschwitz-Birkenau guard Oskar Groening as a young man in SS uniform

Born in 1921 in Lower Saxony, Groening was the son of a textile worker father and a housekeeper mother who died when he was four years old.

His family had a military background, as Groening’s grandfather had served in an elite regiment of troops from the Duchy of Brunswick.

Raised in a conservative household, radical politics entered Groening’s life at a young age when his father joined the far-right group Stahlhelm, namely Steel Helmet, in the wake of Germany’s defeat in WWI. World.

Groening joined Stahlhelm’s youth wing only a few years later, in the early 1930s, before switching to the Hitler Youth after the Nazis took power.

Groening finished school with the best grades at age 17 and began working as a bank clerk before the outbreak of war a few months later.

Groening resolved to join an elite unit of the new German army and settled in the Waffen SS.

Accepted into the unit, Groening spent a year there before he was ordered to report to Berlin for a special duty: helping run the Auschwitz death camp.

Upon his arrival, Groening was assigned to the administrative branch, a position that earned him the nickname of Accountant of Auschwitz.

It was some time before he learned of the true purpose of the camp and, once he found out, Groening complained and requested to be transferred to a combat role.

However, he never objected to the slaughter of Jews and other people in the camp, only the methods that were being used, and, once his transfer request was rejected, he settled into a comfortable life eating additional rations that were provided to them. the guards and getting drunk with his companions. officers.

Groening served in the field from 1942 to 1944 when he got his wish and was sent to fight the Allies in the Battle of the Bulge.

Captured by the British in 1945, he was transferred to the United Kingdom, where he worked as an agricultural laborer, and then returned to Germany to work as a glass factory manager.

Groening rarely spoke of his experiences at Auschwitz until the mid-2000s, when he revealed his role as a way to strike back at Holocaust deniers.

He gave several prominent interviews during which he spoke candidly about gas chambers, furnaces, and burial pits, as well as how to bring jewelry to the dead.

In 2014, German prosecutors accused him of being an accessory to the murder of 300,000 people who died in Auschwitz during his stay there, and in July 2015 he was found guilty and sentenced to four years in prison.

Groening appealed the sentence and in 2018 he died in hospital before starting his sentence.

Irmgard Furchner Quick and Facts

  • Irmgard Furchner, 96, was set to appear before court in Itzehoe, Germany on September 30 but did not appear
  • The ‘secretary of evil’ was declared ‘on the run’ after failing to attend the hearing
  • She was later found on foot in a street in Hamburg, around five miles from where she was last seen, and is now being questioned by police 
  • Furchner faces charges of assisting in murder of 11,000 prisoners at Nazi Stutthof camp, and was only around 18 when she began working there
  • She is the first woman to stand trial in decades over crimes connected to the Third Reich 

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