Farid al-Atrash Wikipedia Biography;
Farid al-Atrash, also written Farid El-Atrache, was a Syrian-Egyptian composer, singer, virtuoso oud player, and actor. Having immigrated to Egypt at the age of only nine years old with his mother and siblings, he studied there under numerous respected musicians.
- Born: October 19, 1910, Al Qrayya, Syria
- Died: December 26, 1974, Beirut, Lebanon
- Full name: Farid Fahd Farhan Ismail Al-Atrash
- Siblings: Asmahan, Fou’ad Al-Atrash, Mouneer Al-Atrash,
Farid al-Atrash Age
Farid al-Atrash Died at the age of 64
Who was Farid al-Atrash? Wikipedia
Farid al-Atrash was a Syrian-Egyptian composer, singer, oud virtuoso, and actor.   Having emigrated to Egypt at the age of just nine with his mother and siblings, he studied there with numerous respected musicians. Al-Atrash embarked on a highly successful career that spanned more than four decades, recording 500 songs and starring in 31 films. Sometimes referred to as “King of the Oud”, he is one of the most important figures in 20th century Arab music.
Al-Atrash was born in Al-Qurayya,  in southern Syria to the princely Druze al-Atrash family who fought against the French colonial army.  His father was Syrian and his mother Lebanese.
As a child, al-Atrash emigrated with his mother and brothers to Egypt, escaping French occupation. Later, they were naturalized by the Egyptian government as citizens. Farid’s mother sang and played the Oud, which stimulated his musical interest at a young age.
As a child and young man, al-Atrash sang at school events. He studied at the Egyptian Conservatory of Music and became an apprentice to the renowned Egyptian composer Riad Al Sunbati. In the 1930s, al-Atrash began his career as a professional singer working for privately owned Egyptian radio stations. Eventually, he was hired as an oud performer for the national radio station and later as a singer. His sister, Asmahan, was also a talented singer and for a time they worked together. In 1941, they starred in their first successful film Intisar a l-Shabab.
Farid al-Atrash Career
Al-Atrash had a long and colorful musical career that spanned four decades. He composed musically diverse songs and was a highly regarded composer, singer, and instrumentalist.  Al-Atrash maintained that although some of his music had western musical influence, he always remained faithful to the principles of Arabic music. Although most of his compositions were romantic love songs, he also composed various patriotic and religious songs. 
One of the most unusual and distinguishable features of al-Atrash was his voice. Loud and mellow early in its career, it evolved into a broader and deeper sound. It would be hard for a person unfamiliar with his work to believe that the singer of “Ya Reitni Tir” (1930s) and “Adnaytani Bil Hajr” (1960s) were the same singer. His singing style was deeply passionate.
In many of his songs, and in almost all of his concerts, al-Atrash sang a mawal, which is a slow-voiced improvisation of local Egyptian folklore of a few poetic lines. These improvisations sometimes lasted up to 15 minutes. The mawal was one of his fan favorites. Some of the most famous songs include “Rabeeh” (spring), “Awal Hamsa” (first whisper), “Hekayat Gharami” (story of my love), “Albi Wa Moftaho” (my heart and its key), “Gamil Gamal “,” Wayak “,” Ya Zahratan Fi Khayali “(يا زهرة في خيالي -” Flower of my imagination), “Bisat Ir Rih” (flying carpet), “Ya Gamil Ya Gamil”, “Ya Habaybi Ya Ghaybeen”, ” Eish Anta “and” sa3a bi 2orb el habib “(one hour in the company of the beloved)
Al-Atrash starred in 31 Egyptian musical films from 1941 to 1974. His last film, Nagham Fi Hayati (نغم في حياتي, Songs in my life) was released after his death. All his films except the last two were in black and white. They range from comedies to dramas, or a combination. He composed all the songs for his films, including songs sung by other singers and instrumentals (usually belly dance routines). His previous movies would include about ten songs, but generally the movies would average around five songs each. Some of al-Atrash’s best known films include Intisar al-Shabab (انتصار الشباب – The Triumph of Youth, 1941), Yom Bila Ghad, Ahd el-Hawa and Lahn al-Kholoud (لحن الخلود – “Eternal Tune”, 1952)
Al-Atrash shaking hands with Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, February 1955
Quick success gave the young man a lifestyle of nightclubs, love affairs, and gambling. [Citation needed] Soon Farid was in debt and found himself abandoned by his disapproving mother. During this difficult period of his life, he also suffered the death of his sister and also a performer Asmahan. Farid found solace in a relationship with belly dancer Samia Gamal, for whom he was motivated to risk everything he owned. In 1947 he produced and co-starred in a film with Samia directed by Henri Barakat; Habib al-‘Oumr (“The Love of My Life,” 1947), which became a great success. After this came Afrita Hanem (“Madame la diablesse”, 1949). Five movies later, the single couple broke up. Farid continued to work with other stars of c
Death & Cause
Al-Atrash suffered from heart problems for his last 30 years. [Citation needed] In the later years of his life, he became physically thinner and his singing voice became hoarse as it intensified. Although he was fighting for his health, he continued to produce films and perform in concerts until he died. [Citation required]
On Monday, December 24, 1974, the doctors told al-Atrash that after two days he could go home. [Citation needed] This was because they noticed that Farid did not like the hospital, or the drugs and food it provided. On December 26, 1974, al-Atrash died in Beirut, Lebanon, at Al Hayek Hospital, shortly after arriving from London. Al-Atrash is buried in Cairo, Egypt, alongside his sister and brother. 
During his lifetime, al-Atrash starred in 31 films and recorded approximately 350 songs. He composed songs for the best Arab singers, mainly for his own sister, Asmahan, as well as for Wadih El-Safi, Shadia, Warda and Sabah. He is widely regarded as one of the four “greats” of Egyptian and Arabic music, along with Abdel Halim Hafez, Mohammed Abdel Wahab, and Oum Kalthoum.  Notable Egyptian instrumental guitarist Omar Khorshid covered Farid al-Atrash’s songs on a tribute album.
On October 19, 2020, Google celebrated its 110th birthday with a Google Doodle. [one