Esther Bejarano Wiki
Esther Bejarano Biography
Who was Esther Bejarano?
Esther Bejarano died peacefully in the early hours of Saturday at the Jewish Hospital in Hambury, according to the German news agency dpa. The cause of her death was not given.
As a teenager, Bejarano was sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland in 1943, before being transferred to the Ravensbrueck concentration camp and surviving a death march at the end of the war.
After the Holocaust, Bejarano emigrated to Israel and married Nissim Bejarano. The couple had two children, Edna and Joram, before returning to Germany in 1960, where she continued to fight racism and discrimination.wikipedia
How old was Esther Bejarano?
She was 96 year old.
An Auschwitz survivor who said music helped her stay alive in the Nazi death camp and later dedicated her life to fighting racism in Germany died at the age of 96.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas paid tribute to Bejarano after his death, calling her “an important voice in the fight against racism and anti-Semitism.”
The musician was born in 1924 as the daughter of the Jewish singer Rudolf Loewy in then-French-occupied Saarlouis, before the family later moved to Saarbruecken.
Bejarano enjoyed a sheltered music-filled education in the city until the Nazis came to power in 1933 and the city was returned to Germany in 1935.
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Her parents and her sister Ruth hers were tragically deported and murdered, while Bejarano had to do forced labor before being sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1943.
In her book Her Memories, she said that she arrived at Auschwitz exhausted after spending days traveling in a cattle car and was greeted by an SS officer saying: ‘Now you filthy Jews, we will show you what it means to work. ‘.
A teenager at the Nazi death camp, she volunteered to become a member of the girls’ orchestra and played the accordion with “tears in her eyes” whenever trains full of Jews arrived from all over Europe.
Bejarano was sent to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland in 1943
Bejarano would later credit the music with helping her keep her alive in the notorious Nazi concentration camp in occupied Poland and during the years after the Holocaust.
“We played with tears in our eyes,” he recalled himself in a 2010 interview.
“The newcomers came waving and clapping, but we knew they would be taken directly to the gas chambers.”
Because her grandmother had been a Christian, Bejarano was later transferred to the Ravensbrueck concentration camp in northern Germany, which was exclusively for women.
Speaking of the years she spent in the Nazi camps, she told DW herself before her 90th birthday: ‘The best years for a young girl are those between the ages of 16 and 20. But what kind of youth did we have? None, really. A horrible young man.
At the end of the war, Bejarano was led on a death march: the forced evacuation of Nazi prisoners to the west as the Soviet army approached the eastern front.
Thousands of weakened prisoners died while walking long distances during the marches, but Bejarano survived and was later rescued by US soldiers.
Bejarano said US troops gave her an accordion, which she played the day US soldiers and concentration camp survivors
Recalling the rescue in his memoirs, Bejarano said that American troops gave him an accordion, which he played on the day that American soldiers and concentration camp survivors danced around a burning portrait of Adolf Hitler to celebrate victory. ally.
After the war, Bejarano emigrated to Israel to become a singer and she also met her husband Nissim Bejarano, with whom she shares two children, Edna and Joram.
The couple returned to Germany in 1960 and Bejarano decided to become politically active after encountering outright anti-Semitism in the country.
He fought against racism and discrimination and co-founded the Auschwitz Committee in 1986 to give survivors a platform for their stories.
His goal was to help prevent an ‘inhuman’ ideology from spreading again, so he decided to tell the story of her life in schools and elsewhere in an attempt to do so.
Bejarano and her two sons played Yiddish tunes and Jewish resistance songs in a Hamburg-based band called Coincidence, and she also joined the hip-hop group Microphone Mafia to spread an anti-racism message to German youth.
Esther Bejarano appeared on stage and sang, accompanied by the band Microphone Mafia
“We all love music and share a common goal: we are fighting racism and discrimination,” she said of her collaborations across cultures and generations.
Even well into the 1990s, Bejarano continued to appear on stage to sing alongside the Cologne-based band Microphone Mafia to share his message of ending racism and anti-Semitism.
Even in the 90 of hers, Esther Bejarano appeared on stage and sang, accompanied by the band Microphone Mafia. The men from Cologne rapped, Joram played bass and Esther sang the chorus.
Bejarano received awards, including the German Order of Merit, for fighting what she called the ‘old and new Nazis’, citing the warning from fellow Holocaust survivor Primo Levi that’ it happened, therefore it can happen again. ‘.
Addressing youth groups in Germany, she Bejarano said: ‘You are not to blame for what happened back then. But you become guilty if you refuse to listen to what happened.