Dylann Roof Wiki
Dylann Roof Biography
Who is Dylann Roof ?
Dylann Storm Roof is an American white supremacist, neo-Nazi and mass murderer convicted for perpetrating the Charleston church shooting on June 17, 2015, in the U.S. state of South Carolina.
Dylann Roof federal appeals court upheld the conviction and sentence of Dylann Roof, who murdered nine members of a South Carolina black church congregation in 2015.wikipedia
A three-judge panel of the US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit confirmed Roof’s conviction and sentencing in the shootings at Mother Emanuel AME Church in Charleston.
On his appeal, Roof’s attorneys argued that he was wrongly allowed to represent himself during sentencing, a critical phase of his trial.
Roof, who was 21 at the time, opened fire during the closing prayer of a church Bible study, firing dozens of bullets into the congregation.
DePayne Middleton-Doctor, Tywanza Sanders, Myrah Thompson, Ethel Lance, Susie Jackson, Sharonda Coleman-Singleton, Daniel Simmons, Clementa Pinckney, and Cynthia Hurd were killed by Roof on June 17, 2015.
How old is Dylann Roof ?
April 3, 1994 (age 27 years), Columbia, South Carolina, United States
Polly Sheppard, 72, said Roof, now 27, forgave her so she could “tell the story.” She and Felicia Sanders, another survivor, testified against her during the trial.
In 2017, Roof became the first person in the US to be sentenced to death for a federal hate crime.
Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed Roof’s conviction and sentence in the shootings at Mother Emanuel AME Church in Charleston
In 2021, Roof and his legal team began making their appeal argument that his conviction and death sentence should be vacated.
In a lengthy report, Roof’s attorneys argue that an appeals court should overturn Roof’s convictions and death sentence, or refer her case to court for a “proper jurisdiction assessment.”
“ The federal lawsuit that resulted in his death sentence deviated so much from the standard required when the government seeks the maximum price that cannot be claimed, ” they wrote, arguing that their client’s mental illness should have prevented him from acting as his own. attorney. during a portion of the trial, and also be sent to federal death row.
Roof successfully prevented jurors from hearing evidence about his mental health, ‘under the illusion’, his lawyers argued, that ‘he would be rescued from prison by white nationalists, but only, strangely, if he kept his mental disabilities out of the picture. public record.
Roof’s attorneys said his convictions and death sentence should be vacated or his case should be returned to court for a “proper jurisdiction evaluation.”
Federal District Judge Richard Gergel held two jurisdiction hearings for Roof – one prior to the start of his trial and one prior to the sentencing phase, to determine whether Roof could act as his own attorney for that portion of the trial.
In that part of the trial, the self-confessed white supremacist did not fight for his life or explain his actions, saying only that “anyone who hates something on his mind has a good reason for it.”
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This, his attorneys wrote, resulted in ‘a complete collapse’ of any possible defense, and jurors were left ‘in the dark’ about any details of Roof’s past that could possibly have been used to mitigate the ‘incendiary case of death ‘of the government.
The Fourth Circuit determined that the trial judge did not make a mistake when he found that Roof was competent to stand trial and issued a scathing reprimand for Roof’s crimes.
The judges wrote: ‘Dylann Roof murdered African Americans in his church, during his Bible study and worship. He had welcomed her. He killed them.
“He did so with the express intention of terrorizing not only his immediate victims in the historically important Mother Emanuel Church, but so many similar people who would learn of the mass murder,” the panel wrote in its ruling.
Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in June 2015
“No cold record or careful analysis of statutes and precedents can capture the full horror of what Roof did. His crimes qualify him for the severest penalty that a just society can impose. ”
All the judges on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, which covers South Carolina, recused themselves from hearing Roof’s appeal; one of their own, Judge Jay Richardson, tried Roof’s case as an assistant federal prosecutor. The panel that heard arguments in May and issued the ruling Wednesday was made up of judges from several other appellate circuits.
It took a jury just two hours to convict him of 33 federal crimes after a week-long trial in December 2016 in which he was described as a lone suicide bomber who viewed the nine black parishioners he killed as ‘animals’.
After he was given nine consecutive life sentences, Attorney Scarlett Wilson, who had also pursued the death penalty, called the deal ‘an insurance policy for federal conviction’, assuring that Roof would spend the rest of his life in prison. , in case the federal ruling is not upheld.
Wilson also said she felt more confident that a federal death sentence would be carried out under the newly minted Trump administration than under a Democrat.
At the time, it was anticipated that then-President Donald Trump could quickly resume federal executions, following the cessation of the practice during several previous administrations.
Although President Joe Biden, who as a candidate said he would work to end federal executions
However, Trump’s decision to reinstate federal executions did not come until 2020, when his Justice Department ended a 17-year hiatus and went on to oversee a total of 13 federal executions.
Due to his remaining appeals, Roof’s case was ineligible for execution at that time.
Although President Joe Biden, who as a candidate said he would work to end federal executions, has not spoken publicly about capital punishment in office, White House press secretary Jen Psaki said in March that he continues to have ‘serious concerns’ about it. .
The president could instruct his Justice Department not to carry out executions during his presidency.
Roof could now file what’s known as a 2255 appeal, or a request for the trial court to review the constitutionality of his conviction and sentence.
He could also petition the Supreme Court of the United States or request a presidential pardon.
Dylann Roof Quicks and Facts
- Dylann Roof’s conviction and sentence was affirmed by federal appeals court
- Roof shot dead nine members of a black South Carolina congregation in 2015
- He opened fire during the closing prayer of a Bible study at the church
- In 2017, he became the first person in the U.S. sentenced to death for a federal hate crime
- In his appeal, Roof’s attorneys argued that he was wrongly allowed to represent himself during sentencing, a critical phase of his trial
- He had believed ‘he would be rescued from prison by white nationalists’ if he kept his mental illness from being publicized, his lawyers said