Boris Romantschenko Wiki
Boris Romantschenko Biography
Who was Boris Romantschenko?
Boris Romantschenko, a 96-year-old who survived Buchenwald, Mittelbau-Dora, Bergen-Belsen and Peenemünde concentration camps, was killed on Friday when a Russian rocket slammed into his apartment block in Kharkiv’s second-largest city.
The news was reported by the Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorial Foundation and confirmed by Romantschenko’s son and granddaughter.
The foundation, which operates the Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora memorial camps and supports education about the Holocaust and Nazi Germany, said: “We are deeply saddened by Romantschenko’s death.”
“We mourn the loss of a close friend. We wish his son and granddaughter, who brought us the sad news, a lot of strength in these difficult times,’ reads the foundation’s statement.
Boris Romantschenko was born on January 20, 1926 in Bondari, near the city of Sumy, in northeastern Ukraine.
He was arrested by Nazi troops and sent to Germany in 1942, where he was forced to perform forced labor in Dortmund, according to the Buchenwald-Dora foundation.
A failed escape attempt in 1943 saw him arrested and sent to the Buchenwald concentration camp, but he also spent time in the Mittelbau-Dora subcamp, as well as Bergen Belsen and Peenemünde, where prisoners were forced to build V2 rockets to the Nazi war effort. .
Despite the dire conditions, Romantschenko managed to survive three years of captivity at the hands of the Nazis.
During the celebration of the anniversary of the liberation of Buchenwald in 2012, the Holocaust survivor returned to the concentration camp square and declared in Russian: “Our ideal is to build a new world of peace and freedom,” as part of an oath made by the camp survivors.
Wagner warned in February that Ukrainian Holocaust survivors in the east of the country were at risk when Russia began its invasion.
He said the war is “particularly tragic for the survivors of the Ukrainian concentration camps who suffered with the Russian prisoners in the camps and who are now sitting in the bomb shelter and are threatened with death by Russian bombs.”
Russia’s assault on Ukraine, now in its fourth week, has been stalled by the Ukrainian army and territorial defense forces who have inflicted heavy losses on the invaders.
But Moscow’s failure to seize a single major Ukrainian city has seen Putin’s forces resort to using their air superiority and heavy artillery to carry out sustained bombing campaigns of residential areas, causing massive destruction and a considerable number of of civilian casualties.
Nearly a quarter of Ukraine’s 44 million people have already been driven from their homes, including 3.4 million who have fled abroad, according to the United Nations, one of the fastest exoduses ever recorded.
A UN count includes more than 900 confirmed civilian deaths, but the true total is believed to be much higher.