Aaron Beck Wiki
Aaron Beck Biography
Who was Aaron Beck ?
Dr. Aaron T. Beck, whose brand of pragmatic, thought-monitoring psychotherapy the centerpiece of a scientific transformation in the treatment of depression, became and many related mental disorders, died on Monday at his home in Philadelphia. He was 100.
His death was confirmed by Alex Shortall, an executive assistant at the Beck Institute for Cognitive Behavior Therapy in Bala Cynwyd, Pa., Outside Philadelphia. Dr. Beck’s daughter Dr. Judith Beck is its president.
Dr. Beck was a young psychiatrist trained in Freudian analysis when, in the late 1950s, he began prompting patients to focus on distortions in their day-to-day thinking, rather than on conflicts buried in childhood, as therapists typically did. He discovered that many people generated what he called “automatic thoughts,” unexamined assumptions like “I’m just unlucky in love” or “I’ve always been socially inept,” which can give rise to self-criticism, despair and self- defeating attempts to compensate, like promiscuity or heavy drinking.
Dr. Beck found that he could undermine those assumptions by prompting people to test them out in the world – say, by socializing without alcohol to observe what happens – and to gather countervailing evidence from their own experience, like memories of healthy relationships. Practicing these techniques, in therapy sessions and in homework exercises, fostered an internal dialogue that gradually improved people’s mood, he showed.
Dr. Beck’s work de él, along with that of Albert Ellis, a psychologist working independently, provided the architecture for what is known as cognitive behavior therapy, or C.B.T. Over the past several decades, C.B.T. has become by far the world’s most extensively studied form of psychotherapy. In England, it forms the basis for a nationwide treatment program offering a number of related talk therapies.
“There is more to the surface than meets the eye,” Dr. Beck was fond of saying.
How old was Aaron Beck ?
July 18, 1921
November 1, 2021 (aged 100)
The influence of C.B.T. on the treatment of mental disorders is hard to exaggerate. Researchers have adapted the approach – originally developed for depression – to manage panic attacks, addictions, eating disorders, social anxiety, insomnia and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Therapists teach a variation to help parents manage children’s outbursts at home, and some have used it, in combination with medication, to manage the delusions and hallucinations of schizophrenia. Sports psychologists have made use of the principles for performance anxiety.
Dr. Beck, who spent his career at the University of Pennsylvania, led the way.
“One by one, he took each condition in psychiatry and laid out his thinking about how it should be addressed – and others followed up,” said David Clark, a professor of psychology at Oxford University, who designed and helped institute England’s talk therapy program . “I’m not sure that that’s ever been done, in quite that way.”
Steven Hollon, a psychologist at Vanderbilt University, said of Dr. Beck: “He took a hundred years of dogma, found that it didn’t hold up, and invented something brief, lasting and effective to put in its place. He basically saved psychotherapy from itself. ”
Dr. Beck in 1981. As a psychoanalyst he came across as an affectionate paterfamilias. Smiling softly beneath a rich sweep of white hair, wearing a bright bow tie and tailored suit, he engaged patients gently, chipping away at their self-defeating beliefs.Credit …
Aaron Temkin Beck Detail
Aaron Temkin Beck, known to friends and colleagues as Tim, was born in Providence, R.I., on July 17, 1921, the youngest of four children of Russian Jewish immigrants. His father of he of he was a printer who had socialist leanings and wrote poetry; his mother of him ran the household.
As a child, Aaron was in perpetual motion. He was a Boy Scout who played basketball and football with friends until age 8, when he developed a serious infection after surgery for a broken arm. The month he spent in the hospital became a pivotal experience, turning him toward more intellectual pursuits, like reading and writing.
After high school, he entered Brown University, finishing summa cum laude in 1942. He went on to get a medical degree from Yale University and did his residency in psychiatry at the Cushing Veterans Administration Hospital in Framingham, Mass.
He was still in training at the Philadelphia Psychoanalytic Institute (now the Psychoanalytic Center of Philadelphia) when he began to have doubts about the scientific basis of Freud’s open-ended talk therapy, which was then the gold standard of treatment in American psychiatry. Though Freudian analysts agreed that there were “deep factors at work” in many cases of mental distress, Dr. Beck told The New York Times in 2000, no one could agree on what they were.
Background and personal life
Beck was born in Providence, Rhode Island, USA, and was the youngest of four children of Ukrainian Jewish immigrants. Beck married Phyllis W. Beck in 1950, who was the first judge on the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania court of appeals.  and whose youngest daughter, Alice Beck Dubow, is also a judge of the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court of Appeals.Together they had four children: Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice.Judith, Beck’s daughter, is a leading cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) educator and clinician, who wrote the basic text in the field. She is a co-founder of the nonprofit Beck Institute.She turned 100 on July 18, 2021 and died later in the year on November 1 at her home in Philadelphia.
Beck attended Brown University, graduating magna cum laude in 1942. At Brown, he was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa Society, was associate editor of The Brown Daily Herald, and received the Francis Wayland Scholarship, the William Award. Gaston for Excellence in Public Speaking and the Philo Sherman Bennett Essay Award. Beck attended Yale School of Medicine and graduated with an MD in 1946.
He began specializing in neurology and reportedly liked the precision of his procedures. However, due to the shortage of psychiatric residents, he was instructed to do a six-month rotation in that field, and he became engrossed in psychoanalysis, despite initial caution.
After completing his medical internships and residencies from 1946 to 1950, Beck became a fellow of psychiatry at the Austen Riggs Center, a private psychiatric hospital in the Stockbridge Mountains, Massachusetts, until 1952. At the time it was a psychology center for the ego with an unusual degree of collaboration between psychiatrists and psychologists, including David Rapaport.
Beck then completed military service as deputy chief of neuropsychiatry at Valley Forge Army Hospital in the United States Armed Forces.
Beck then joined the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania (Penn) in 1954. The chair of the department was Kenneth Ellmaker Appel, a psychoanalyst who was president of the American Psychiatric Association, whose efforts to expand the presence and relationship of psychiatry had a great impact. influence on Beck’s career. At the same time, Beck began formal training in psychoanalysis at the Philadelphia Institute of the American Psychoanalytic Association.
Beck’s closest colleague was Marvin Stein, a friend from his army hospital days whom Beck admired for his scientific rigor in psychoneuroimmunology. Beck’s first investigation was with Leon J. Saul, a psychoanalyst known for unusual methods such as telephone therapy or homework, who had developed inventory questionnaires to quantify the processes of the self in the manifest content of dreams (what can be reported directly by the dreamer). Beck and a graduate student developed a new inventory that they used to assess “masochistic” hostility in manifest dreams, published in 1959. This study found themes of loss and rejection related to depression, rather than inverted hostility as predicted by the psychoanalysis. Developing the work with funding from the NIMH, Beck devised what he would call the Beck Depression Inventory, which he published in 1961 and soon began commercializing, without Appel’s endorsement.In another experiment, he found that depressed patients sought encouragement or improvement after disapproval, rather than seeking suffering and failure as predicted by the Freudian theory of inward anger.